Credit system and grading

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The academic year lasts for 10 months. Courses are measured in "studiepoeng" according to the European Credit Transfer System standard (ECTS credits). The full-time workload for one academic year is 60 "studiepoeng"/ECTS credits.

Grades for undergraduate and postgraduate examinations are awarded according to a graded scale from A (highest) to F (lowest), with E as the minimum pass grade. A pass/fail mark is given for some examinations.

A - Excellent - An excellent performance, clearly outstanding. The candidate demonstrates excellent judgement and a high degree of independent thinking.

B - Very good - A very good performance. The candidate demonstrates sound judgement and a very good degree of independent thinking.

C - Good - A good performance in most areas. The candidate demonstrates a reasonable degree of judgement and independent thinking in the most important areas.

D - Satisfactory - A satisfactory performance, but with significant shortcomings. The candidate demonstrates a limited degree of judgement and independent thinking.

E - Sufficient - A performance that meets the minimum criteria, but not more. The candidate demonstrates a very limited degree of judgement and independent thinking.  

F - Fail - A performance that does not meet the minimum academic criteria. The candidate demonstrates an absence of both judgement and independent thinking.