Norwegian version of this page

Document format

Margins, fonts and line spacing

  • The left margin should be 3 to 3.5 cm wide and the right hand margin approx. 2.5 cm wide
  • The line spacing should be 1.5
  • The font should provide comfortable reading, e.g. Times New Roman size 12

Indentations and paragraphs

The first paragraph after a heading should be aligned at the left margin. The lines should as far as possible end close to the right hand margin. When there is a new point or topic, a new paragraph is started. A new paragraph is illustrated by systematically

  • either indenting the first line in the new paragraph (indented paragraph)
  • or making an extra line shift (block style writing)

Content and sequence: The parts of the paper:

  • A paper should have the following main elements in the mentioned sequence (obligatory elements are marked *):

Title page  *)


  • The title of the paper.
  • Name of author(s), or candidate number.
  • Type of paper (e.g. bachelor dissertation).
  • Institution, study programme, place, date and year.

Abstract (voluntary)

Contents *)


  • Contents with page numbers.
  • Number of words in the main part, from contents through conclusion, placed at the bottom of the page.
  • Preface (voluntary)

Introduction *)

Main part *)


  • The main part is further divided into chapters and sections.

Conclusion *)

References/bibliography *) 


Appendix/appendices (voluntary)


  • Appendix 2, etc.
  • Appendices with more than one page are
  • paginated on each page.

The entire paper must be paginated, beginning with sheet no. 2; hence, the title page is not paginated.

Chapter headings

Headings mark importance, or level. The structure of the paper is made clear by using different font sizes and possibly different font types for different levels. Chapter headings have larger fonts (and/or bold) than those used for section headings. The structure is also marked by the use of numbering. Headings are aligned at the left margin. Mark: Do not use full stops.

Student papers should use headings of 1st, 2nd and 3rd orders.

Headings of the 1st order are chapter titles
Headings of the 2nd order are main sections within chapters
Headings of the 3rd order are subsections within sections


1.0 Heading of the 1st order

1.1 Heading of the 2nd order

1.1.1 Heading of the 3rd order

A new main chapter marked by a heading of the 1st order begins on a new page. (This rule is, however, not complied with in this document.)

Published June 18, 2018 3:07 PM - Last modified Mar. 17, 2020 2:48 PM