Publikasjoner - Publications


Kivedal, B.K. (2021). Exploring the relationship between Airbnb and traditional accommodation for regional variations of tourism markets (with B. Leick, M.A. Eklund og  E. Vinogradov). Tourism Economics.

Borgersen, Trond Arne (2021). Product differentiation and populistic entry strategies in a mortgage market with Bertrand competition. Journal of European Real Estate Research.

Leick, Birgit; Schewe, Theo; Kivedal, Bjørnar Karlsen (2021). Tourism development and border asymmetries: An exploratory analysis of market-driven cross-border shopping tourism. Vol 18, 27 s. Tourism Planning & Development.

Kivedal, B.K. (2021). Exploring the relationship between Airbnb and traditional accommodation for regional variations of tourism markets (with B. Leick, M.A. Eklund og  E. Vinogradov). Tourism Economics. (online – ‘forthcoming’ i en issue i 2022)

Badshah, Imtiaz; Khan, Muhammad Ibrahim; Qayum, Hina & Shah, Burhan Ali (2021). Performance of Shariah-Compliant Equity Portfolio Vs Conventional Equity Portfolio: A Case Study of the Pakistan Stock Exchange. Linguistica Anverpiensia New SeriesThemes in Translation StudiesISSN 0304-2294. s. 6589–6610.

Khan, Muhammad Ibrahim; Hussain, Javed Ghulam; Badshah, Imtiaz & Khattak, Amira (2021). Stock Return Behaviour around Earnings Disclosure. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change. ISSN 2201-1315. 15(3), s. 371–395.

Ivlevs A. (2021) Does Emigration Affect Political and Institutional Development in Migrants’ Countries of Origin?. In: Douarin E., Havrylyshyn O. (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Comparative Economics. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Ivlevs, A., Nikolova, M., & Popova, O. (2021). Former Communist party membership and present-day entrepreneurship.  Small Business Economics57, 1783–1800. Available from

Ivlevs, A. (2021). Does emigration affect pro-environmental behaviour back home? A long-term, local-level perspectiveKyklos, 74(1), 48-76. Available from


Borgersen, Trond Arne (2020). Loan-to-value and the price-rent ratio. Journal of European Real Estate Research, 13 (2), 149-159.

Borgersen, Trond Arne and Badshah, Imtiaz (2020). Management of Exchange Rate Risk in SMEs: Reflections on Exchange Rate Pass-through and Hedging of Currency Risk. SEISENSE Journal of Management, 3(6), 35-51. doi: 10.33215/sjom.v3i6.474.

Ivlevs, Artjoms and King, Roswitha M. (2020). To Europe or Not to Europe? Migration and Public Support for Joining the European Union in the Western Balkans. International Migration Review, 54(2).

Badshah, I. (2020).  Can investors depend only on accounting information in investment decision-making? (med Khan, M. I, Khattak, A., Jalil, Z. and Gul. S.) International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation.

Ivlevs, A. (2020). Does emigration affect pro-environmental behaviour back home? A long-term, local-level perspective. Kyklos.                                                               
Vinogradov, Evgueni; Kivedal, Bjørnar Karlsen; Leick, Birgit (2020). An agent-based modelling approach to housing market regulations and Airbnb-induced tourism. Tourism Management. Vol. 77.

Leick, Birgit; Eklund, Mehtap; Kivedal, Bjørnar Karlsen (2020). Digital entrepreneurs in the sharing economy: A case study on Airbnb and regional economic development in Norway. Strømmen-Bakhtiar, Abbas; Vinogradov, Evgueni (Red.). The impact of the sharing economy on business and society : digital transformation and the rise of platform businesses. Chapter 5. s. 69-88. Routledge.


Borgersen, Trond Arne & King, Roswitha M. (2019). Is the transition process neutral to the employment-output ratio? Or does ‘jobless growth’ come naturally? The case when allocative and technological effects interact. Post-Communist Economies, DOI: 10.1080/14631377.2019.1678102

Borgersen, Trond Arne & Kivedal, Bjørnar Karlsen (2019). Igangsetting og boligprisvekst. Er effekten symmetrisk mellom boligmarkedssegmenter? Praktisk økonomi & finans.  ISSN 1501-0074.  35(2), s 132- 149.

Badshah, Imtiaz; Ahmad, Maaheen & Jaber, Khalifa (2019). Are Interest Rates Alone Enough to Understand Stock Returns in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan?. International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies (IJEPEE).  ISSN 1752-0452.

Badshah, Imtiaz, Timochenko, Konstantin Yurievich; Kuruppu, Gowindage Chamara Jayanath & Ambalangodage, Dayananda (2019). A Systems Approach to Comprehend Public Sector (Government) Accounting, In Tatiana Antipova (ed.),  Integrated Science in Digital Age (ICIS 2019).  Springer.  ISBN 978-3-030-22493-6.  6.  s 50 – 59

Leick, Birgit (2019). Steering through tough times? Insights into the strategy-formation of small firms to adapt to demographic challenges. International Journal of Globalisation and Small Business. ISSN 1479-3067. s 163- 186.

Mayer, Heike & Leick, Birgit (2019). Entrepreneurship and ageing: Exploring an economic geography perspective, In Mikaela Backman; Charlie Karlsson & Orsa Kekezi (ed.), Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship and Aging.  Edward Elgar Publishing.  ISBN 978 1 78811 620 6.  3.

Bhuiyan, M. F. and Ivlevs, A. (2019) Micro-entrepreneurship and subjective well-being: Evidence from rural Bangladesh. Journal of Business Venturing, 34 (4). pp. 625-645. ISSN 0883-9026.

Ivlevs, A. (2019) Adverse welfare shocks and pro-environmental behaviour: Evidence from the global economic crisis. Review of Income and Wealth, 65 (2). pp. 293-311. ISSN 1475-4991 Available from: '

Gatskova, K., Ivlevs, A. and Dietz, B. (2019) Can labor emigration affect education of girls? Evidence from Tajikistan. Feminist Economics, 25 (3). pp. 96-118. ISSN 1354-5701 Available from: '

Paulone, S. and Ivlevs, A. (2019) Emigration and alcohol consumption among migrant household members staying behind: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan. Social Science and Medicine, 221. pp. 40-48. ISSN 0277-9536 Available from: '

Ivlevs, A., Nikolova, M. and Graham, C. (2019) Emigration, remittances and the subjective well-being of those staying behind. Journal of Population Economics, 32 (1). pp. 113-151. ISSN 0933-1433 Available from: '


Borgersen, Trond Arne & Kivedal, Bjørnar Karlsen (2018). Commercial Real Estate at the ZLB: Investment Demand and CAPM-WACC Invariance. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, ISSN 1459-5877.  13(1), s 32- 53.

Kivedal, Bjørnar Karlsen (2018). “A new Keynesian framework and wage and price dynamics in the USA”, Empirical Economics, ISSN: 0377-7332 (Print) 1435-8921 (Online). 55(3), p. 1271-1289.

Badshah, Imtiaz & Timochenko, Konstantin Yurievich (2018). “Civil Service Reforms in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan: Progress So Far, Implementation Barriers and Challenges”. In Ishtiaq Jamil; Teknath Dhakal & Narendra Raj Paudel (eds.)Civil Service Management and Administrative Systems in South Asia.  Palgrave Macmillan.  ISBN 978-3-319-90191-6.  7.  s 149 – 172.

Badshah, Imtiaz & Mellemvik, Frode (2018). “Development of Accounting and financial reporting practices in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan”, In Zhijun Lin (ed.),  The Routledge handbook of accounting in AsiaRoutledge.  ISBN 978-1-138-18903-4.  Chapter 4.  pp. 67 – 82.

Chen, Xianwen; de Vries, Sjerp; Assmuth, Timo; Dick, Jan; Hermans, Tia; Hertel, Ole; Jensen, Anne; Jones, Laurence; Kabisch, Sigrun; Lanki, Timo; Lehmann, Irina; Maskell, Lindsay; Norton, Lisa & Reis, Stefan (2018). Research challenges for cultural ecosystem services and public health in (peri-)urban environments. Science of the Total Environment.  ISSN 0048-9697.  651, s 2118- 2129 . doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.030

Ivlevs, A. and Veliziotis, M. (2018). “Beyond conflict: Long-term labour market integration of internally displaced persons in post-socialist countries.” Journal of Vocational Behavior, 105, pp. 131-146. 

Ivlevs, A. and Bhuiyan, M.F. (2018). “Micro-entrepreneurship and subjective well-being: Evidence from rural Bangladesh.” Journal of Business Venturing.  ISSN 0883-9026.

Ivlevs, A., Nikolova, M. and Graham, C (2018). «Emigration, remittances and the subjective well-being of those staying behind”. Journal of Population Economics. ISSN 0933-1433.

Ivlevs, A. and Veliziotis, M. (2018). “Local-level immigration and life satisfaction: The EU enlargement experience in England and Wales”. Environment and Planning A, 50(1), pp. 175-193.

Ivlevs, A. and Hinks, T. (2018) “Former communist party membership and bribery in the post-socialist countries”. Journal of Comparative Economics. ISSN 0147-5967.

Leick, Birgit and Land, Thilo (2018). “Rethinking non-core regions: Planning strategies and practices beyond growth”. European Planning Studies. ISSN 0965-4313.  26(2), s 213- 228.

Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2018). “Local cases of institutional entrepreneurship: change agents in regions facing demographic change”, In Charlie Karlsson; Charlotte Silander & Daniel Silander (ed.),  Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting Growth and Welfare in Times of Crisis.  Edward Elgar Publishing.  ISBN 9781788112758.  Chapter 12.  s 254 – 269.

Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2018). “Institutional entrepreneurship: a different perspective on political entrepreneurs”?. In Charlie Karlsson; Charlotte Silander & Daniel Silander (ed.),  Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting Growth and Welfare in Times of CrisisEdward Elgar Publishing.  ISBN 9781788112758.  Chapter 3.  s 42 – 55.

Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2018). “Brokerage and governance for business networks: A metasynthesis-based discussion”. Journal of Management and Governance.  ISSN 1385-3457.  s 1- 32 . 


Borgersen, Trond Arne (2017). “The optimal LTV-ratio and mortgage market variability: A demand side approach.” Journal of Financial Economic Policy; 9.(2),  225-239

Borgersen, Trond Arne (2017). “Mortgage Supply, LTV and Risk Pricing.” International journal of housing policy.

Borgersen, Trond Arne; Kivedal, Bjørnar Karlsen (2017).
«Risikojustert meravkastning i boligmarkedet.» Praktisk økonomi og finans; 33.(1), 113-135.

Ivlevs, A. (2017). Adverse welfare shocks and pro-environmental behavior: Evidence from the global economic crisis”. Review of Income and Wealth. ISSN 1475-4991.

Ivlevs, A. (2017).  “Happy hosts? International tourist arrivals and subjective well-being in Europe”, Journal of Travel Research, 56(5), 599-612. 

Ivlevs, Artjoms and Roswitha M. King (2017) “Does emigration reduce corruption?” Public Choice, 171 (3-4), 389–408.

Ivlevs, A. and Veliziotis, M. (2017). “What do unions do in times of economic crisis? Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe”, European Journal of Industrial Relations, 23(1), 81-96.

Alfnes, Frode; Chen, Xianwen & Rickertsen, Kyrre (2017). Labeling farmed seafood: A review. Aquaculture Economics & Management.  ISSN 1365-7305.  22(1), s 1- 26 . doi: 10.1080/13657305.2017.1356398 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.

Artmann, Martina; Chen, Xianwen; Iojă, Cristian; Hof, Angela; Onose, Diana; Poniży, Lidia; Zavodnik Lamovšek, Alma & Breuste, Jürgen (2017). The role of urban green spaces in care facilities for elderly people across European cities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening.  ISSN 1618-8667.  27, s 203- 213.

 Gretzinger, S.; Leick, B. (2017). “Brokerage-based value creation: the case of a Danish offshore business network”. IMP Journal. 11(3),1-25.

Matuschewski, A.; Leick, B.; Demuth, M. (2017).” Growth-based theories for declining regions? A note on conceptualisations of demographic change for regional economic development”. Comparative Population Studies 41(3-4), 225-254.

Leick, B.; Glorius, B. (2017). Editorial on the Special Issue “Theorising and Narrating the Geographies of Demographic Change”, Comparative Population Studies, 41 (3-4), 207-224.

Maroof, Lubna; Javid, Attiya Jasmin; Badshah, Imtiaz (2017). Do Mutual Funds Remain Persistent? Evidence from Pakistan. In: South Asian Journal of Management Sciences, Vol. 11 (1): pp. 60-75. DOI: 10.21621/sajms.2017111.05

Abbas, Muhammad; Badshah, Imtiaz (2017). Institutional Investment and Stock Returns Volatility at Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX), In: FWU Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 11 (1): pp. 219-229.

Badshah, Imtiaz; Mellemvik, Frode (2017). Development of Accounting and financial reporting practices in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. In: Lin, Zhijun (ed.). The Routledge Handbook of Accounting in Asia. Routledge. DOI: 10.4324/9781315641867.ch4.

Leick, B. (2017).” Institutional entrepreneurs and small firms. How firm practices are being shaped in the context of demographic transformations”. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship 29(1), 1-24.


Borgersen, Trond Arne; Roswitha M. King (2016). “Industrial Structure and Jobless Growth in Transition Economies”. Post-Communist Economies, 28 (4), 520-536. 

Borgersen, Trond Arne (2016).The Exchange Rate Response of Credit-Constrained Exporters: The Role of Location”. Theoretical Economic Letters, 6, 929-941. 

Borgersen, Trond Arne (2016). “Housing appreciations and the (in)stable relation between housing and mortgage markets”. International Journal of Housing Policy, 16 (1), 91-110. 

Ivlevs, A. (2016) “Remittances and informal work”, International Journal of Manpower, 37(7): 1172-1190.

Leick, B. (2016). “Working for change: How institutional entrepreneurship unfolds in the context of demographic change.” Proceedings of the 18th Uddevalla Symposium 2015. University West: 381-401.


Borgersen, Trond Arne and Roswitha M. King (2015), Endogenous supply side constraints to export-led growth and aggregate growth implications in transition economies.  Structural Change and Economic Dynamics 33, 96-109.

King, Roswitha M. (2015) “Kosovo – winning its independence but losing its people? Evidence on emigration intentions”. (with Artjoms Ivlevs). International Migration, Vol. 53 No. 5 (2015), 84-103.

Ivlevs, A. and Hinks, T. (2015) “Global economic crisis and corruption”, Public Choice 162 (3-4): 425-445

Ivlevs, A. and Hinks, T. (2015) “Sample selection and bribing behaviour: Evidence from Post-Socialist countries and Western Europe”  Journal of Economics and Statistics/ Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik  235/2: 139-167.

Leick, B. (2015). “State owned enterprises”. In: Wherry, F.F.; Schor, J.B. (eds.). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society. New York: Sage: 1519-1522.

Badshah, I., Sarfraz, M., Nisar, Q. A., Ali, I., (2015) Factors causing strategic objective failure: an empirical study in the public sector universities of Pakistan. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies. ISSN 2028-9324, Vol 12. No.2 pp.512-517

Leick, B. (2015). “Franchising”. In: Wherry, F.F.; Schor, J.B. (eds.). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society. New York: Sage: 730-735.

Chen, Xianwen & Garcia, Roberto J. (2016). Economic sanctions and trade diplomacy: Sanction-busting strategies, market distortion and efficacy of China’s restrictions on Norwegian salmon imports. China Information.  ISSN 0920-203X.  30(1), s 29- 57 . doi: 10.1177/0920203X15625061

Leick, B. (2015). “Outsourcing”. In: Wherry, F.F.; Schor, J.B. (eds.). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society. New York: Sage: 1227-1230.


B. K. Kivedal (2014), A DSGE Model with Housing in the Cointegrated VAR Framework. Empirical Economics 47 (3), 853-880.

R. King (2014), 2004 Minority Education Reform and pupil performance in Latvia, Economics of Education Review 38, 151-166 (With Artjoms Ivlevs).

T.A. Borgersen and R. King (2014), Structural Origins of Debt-Sustainability in Mature and Transition Economies: Domar, Balassa-Samuelson and Maastricht. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics 30, 101-119.

T.A. Borgersen and R. King (2014), Export-Led Growth in Transition Economies: The role of industrial structure, productivity growth differentials and cross-sectoral subsidies, Eastern European Economics 52 (3), 33-54.

Borgersen, T.A. (2014), Heterogeneous Housing Markets: Structural Implications for Pricing and Risk. International Journal of Housing Market Analysis, 7 (3), 383-396.

Borgersen, T.A. (2014), Equity induced up-trading and the housing market structure: implications for price-to-income and macro-prudential interventions. International Journal of Housing Market Analysis, 7 (2), 204-217.

Borgersen, T.A. (2014), Housing Careers, House Price Dispersion and the Housing Market Multiplier. Housing, Theory and Society, 31 (1), 91-118.

Ivlevs, A. (2014) “Happiness and the emigration decision”, IZA World of Labor 2014: 96

Ivlevs, A. (2014) “Economic insecurity in transition: a primary commodities perspective”, Review of Income and Wealth 60: S117-S140.


B. K. Kivedal (2013), Testing for Rational Bubbles in the US housing market. Journal of Macroeconomics 38, 369-381

T.A. Borgersen and R. King (2013), Relating Debt to Inflation among Transition Economies – A Blueprint from Mature Economies? Comparative Economic Studies 55, 606-635.

Borgersen, T.A. (2013), Reflections on Marginal Crisis Risk and Monetary Policy: Implications from the capital structure of housing investments. Journal of Financial Economic Policy, 5 (3), 272-280.

Borgersen, T.A. and B. K. Kivedal (2013), Egenkapitalkrav og finansiell risiko i husholdningenes boliginvesteringer. Magma - Tidsskrift for økonomi og ledelse 2013 (1), 22-28. ( With J. M. Thøgersen).

Borgersen, T.A. and B. K. Kivedal (2013), Finansielle akseleratorer i boligmarkedet: En kortsiktstilnærming med utgangspunkt i belåningsgrad og belåningsgevinst. Beta - Tidsskrift for bedriftsøkonomi (2), 276-287.

Badshah, I, Frode Mellemvik and Konstantin Timoshenko (2013) Accounting from Religious Perspective: a Case of the central government accounting in Islamic Republic of Pakistan Journal name: Asian Economic and Financial Review 3(2):243-258

Ivlevs, A. (2013) “Minorities on the move? Assessing post-enlargement emigration intentions of Latvia’s Russian speaking minority”, Annals of Regional Science 51(1): 33-52

Leick, B. (2013). “Balancing firm and network-based resources to gain competitive advantage: a case study of an artisanal musical instruments cluster in Germany”. Management Revue 24(2): 77-95.


R. King (2012), Does More Schooling Make you Run for the Border? Evidence from Post-Independence Kosovo, Journal of Development Studies 48 (8), 1108-1120 (With Artjoms Ivlevs).

R. King (2012), Family Migration Capital and Migration Intentions, Journal of Family and Economic Issues 33 (1), 118-129 (With Artjoms Ivlevs).

R. King (2012), Perspectives on Interdisciplinarity in Academia, 102-111. In: Interdisciplinarity in Social Sciences: Does it provide answers to challenges in nowadays higher education and research? University of Latvia Press.

Borgersen, T.A. and B. K. Kivedal (2012), Pris- og belåningsgevinster i husholdningenes boligformue. Praktisk økonomi og finans 2012, 9(2), 85-91.

R. King (2012), From Immigrants to (non-) citizens: Political Economy of Naturalizations in Latvia. IZA Journal of Migration, 2012, 1:14, 1-23 (With Artjoms Ivlevs).

R. King (2012), Conversations with Civil Servants: East European Public Administration Reform in Search of Socio-Economic Development, 173-193. In G. M. Korres and G. O. Tsobanoglou (eds): Socio-Economic Integration: Limits and Prospects. Springer Press.

Badshah, I. and Mellemvik, F. (2012) Philosophical Debate to Study the Development of Central Government Accounting in Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Nepalese journal of public policy and governance  Vol: XXXI, No. 2; p.60-75

Borgersen, T.A. (2012), Reflections on LTV, risk and incentives in mortgage markets. Journal of European Real Estate Research 5 (3), 199-210. (With Jørund Greibrokk)

Borgersen, T.A. (2012), A Comment on Mortgage Procyclicality. Global Business and Economic Review 2012, 4 (4), 274-282. (With Karl Robertsen).

Borgersen, T.A. (2012), Housing Careers, Price-Rent Ratios and Rental Equivalence. Housing, Theory and Society 29 (3), 276-287. (With Dag E. Sommervoll).

Ivlevs, A. (2012) “Ageing, regional birth rates and attitudes towards immigration: evidence from a transition economy”, Regional Studies 46(7): 947-959.

Ivlevs, A., Krisjane Z., Berzins M.,  Bauls, A. (2012) “Who are the typical commuters in the post-socialist metropolis? The case of Riga, Latvia”, Cities, 29 (5): 334-340

Leick, B.,  Matuschewski, A. (2012). “Wirtschaftsentwicklung in demographischen Schrumpfungsraeumen. Unternehmerische Herausforderungen und Strategien am Beispiel von Oerfranken. Raumforschung und Raumordnung 70(6): 515-530.

Leick, B. (2012). “Business networks in the cross-border regions of the enlarged EU: what do we know in the post-enlargement era”? Journal of Borderlands Studies 27(3): 299-314.

Leick, B. (2012). “Wirkungen und Wirkungsgrenzen innovationsbasierter Clusterfoerderung am Beispiel eines traditionell handwerklichen Netzwerks”. In: Brachert, M.; Henn, S. (eds.). Cluster in Mitteldeutschland. Strukturen, Potenziale, Foerderung. Sonderheft 5/2012. Institut fuer Wirtschaftsforschung IWH Halle: 79-102. in German language.


R. King (2011), The International Reserves Issue in the EMU, Open Economies Review 22 (1), 143-161 (with Jørgen-Drud Hansen and Virmantas Kvedaras).

R. King (2011), When the Market does not Deliver: An Inclusive Growth Experiment Gone Wrong, 43-60. In: The Economics of Wealth in the 21st Century. Jason M. Gonzalez (ed.), Nova Science Pub. Inc., January 2011.

T.A. Borgersen and R.King (2011), Reallocation and restructuring: A generalization of the Balassa-Samuelson effect. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics 22, 287-298.

T.A. Borgersen and R.King (2011), Inflation in Latvia: How Real is it? Eastern European Economics 49, (3), May-June 2011, 26-53.

R. King (2011), Together or apart? Attitudes towards multi-ethnic state and ethnically mixed communities in post-independence Kosovo, 203-220. In C. Ruggeri Laderchi and S. Savastano (eds.), Poverty and Exclusion in the Western Balkans – New Directions in Measurement and Policy. Springer Press. (with Artjoms Ivlevs).

Borgersen, T.A. (2011), Are the Traditional Trade-Exchange Rate Theorems Relevant for Developing Countries facing Entry Costs in International Markets? International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 3 (1), 42 -59.

Badshah, I. (2011) NPM inspired reforms in Pakistan, ISBN 78‐3‐639‐37586‐2, publishers: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller GmbH & Co. KG (

Leick, B. (2011). “Barriers to co-operation and competitive advantage: Cross border business networks of Saxon and Northern Bohemian firms”. Journal of East European Management Studies 16(2): 162-184.


Borgersen, T.A. (2010), Endogenous Housing Markets Cycles. Journal of Banking and Finance, 34, 557-567. (With Dag E. Sommervoll and Tom Wennemo).

R. King (2010), Regional Business Development Policy in Central and Eastern Europe: A Mechanism Design Perspective. Review of Economic Design 14 (1-2), 221-242.

Ivlevs, A. and De Melo, J. (2010) “The brain drain, FDI and trade: channels and evidence”, Annals of Economics and Statistics 97/98: 103-121.

Leick, B. (2010). “What determines the co-operative potential for firms in Western and CEE border regions? A micro-level analzsis of the Saxon-Czech border area”. Economic and Business Review 12(2): 109-128.

Bjørndal, Endre; Bjørndal, Mette; Fange, Kari-Anne (2010). «Benchmarking in regulation of electricity networks in Norway : an overview. I: Energy, natural resources and environmental economics. Springer 2010 ISBN 978-3-642-12066-4. s. 317-342.