Birgit Leick

Faculty of Business, Languages and Social Sciences
Norwegian version of this page Position
Associate Professor
Study place
Office nr.

Office: Room A3-051, Halden-Remmen (3rd floor)

Faglige interesser/Academic interests

I am a business economist and economic geographer and work on several topics at the interface between business economics and economic geography. My current research interest focuses on the two following themes:

  • Inter-firm business networks and clusters (SME networks, business networks in peripheral regions, brokers in business networks, cross-border business networks)
  • Regional entrepreneurship (digital entrepreneurs in the sharing economy, institutional entrepreneurship in non-core regions, rural entrepreneurship in creative industries)

Call for papers EURAM 2020 Annual Conference, SIG Entrepreneurship (T03_16)

Previously, I have been working on demographic challenges, adaptive firm strategies and institutions in the regional economy. Moreover, I have been involved in research addressing regional economic development in non-core regions (e.g., rural-peripheral regions).

In a nutshell, my overarching research interests is to explore the inter-relationship of enterprise development/entrepreneurship and the regional economy from various perspectives. My work is therefore cross-disciplinary, to a large extent.

More information:

Personal webpage

Google Scholar profile

Researchgate profile

Cristin profile

Research group Business Development and Governance

Réseau de Recherche sur l'Innovation (RRI)

Academic CV (9 October 2019)

Undervisningserfaring/Courses taught

In the Department of Business Administration and Economics, I am teaching the following courses in the Bachelor Programme in Business Administration:

  • International Marketing (since Autumn 2017)
  • Bachelor Thesis Seminar (Spring 2017)
  • Bedriftsøkonomisk Analyse - Gjesteforleser (Autumn 2017)
  • Foretaksstrategi og innovasjon (scheduled for Autumn 2020)
  • Entrepreneurship in Global Perspective (scheduled for Autumn 2020)

I have been lecturing in business administration, industrial engineering, human geography and regional planning study programmes at undergraduate (bachelor) and graduate (master and diploma) level. I am supervising bachelor, master and Ph.D. theses (2009-2017: University of Bayreuth; 2017-present: Østfold University College and University of Southeastern Norway). I am a co-supervisor for Ph.D. students in the Geographical Institute of University of Bayreuth.

Please see my CV for a complete overview of my teaching portfolio (2003-present).


Recent appointments and affiliations

  • 2017-present: Associate professor for business economics at Østfold University College, Faculty of Business, Languages, and Social Sciences (Norway).
  • 2013-2017: Assistant professor in economic geography, University of Bayreuth (Germany).
  • 2009-2012: Senior lecturer in economic geography, University of Bayreuth (Germany).
  • 2016-present: Research fellow of the Centre for Regional Economic Development, University of Bern (Switzerland)


  • 2019-present: Qualification for full professor positions in Norway in the field of innovation and regional development. Awarding institution: Western Norwegian University of Applied Sciences (Norway).
  • 2018-present: Qualification for full professor positions in Europe in the field of economic geography (habilitation thesis in economics/economic geography, facultas docendi, awarded 2018). Awarding institution: University of Bayreuth (Germany).
  • 2003-2006: Ph.D. in business economics (doctor rerum politicarum, 2006). Awarding institution: University of Technology and Mining (Germany).
  • 1998-2002: Bachelor in Business Economics, University of Hagen (Germany); and Master of Business Administration, University of Technology and Mining in Freiberg (Germany). 

Experience outside academia

  • 2007-2009: Publishing and commissioning editor in the area of business administration and economics, Springer Business+Science Media (Germany).
  • 1998-1999: Central Credit Department, ABN Amro Bank (Germany).


Academic service and administrative experience at universities, faculties and departments:

Østfold University College, Norway (2017-present):

  • Research group leader “Business Development and Governance”
  • Member of the FoU Utvalg/Research Development Steering Committee, Faculty of Business, Languages, and Social Sciences
  • Programme coordinator Bachelor in Business Administration including the English specialisation “International Business”
  • Member of the LUKU Teaching Development/Teaching Quality Committee, Faculty of Business, Languages, and Social Sciences
  • Member of evaluation committees for professoral positions (markedsføring and bedriftsøkonomi in 2019)
  • Student exchange/mobility representative for study programmes in business administration, e.g., Erasmus+ mobility of students
  • Co-supervisor for marketing/business administration at University of South-Eastern Norway, Department of Business and IT

University of Bayreuth, Germany (2009-2017):

  • Member of the University Council, representative of the non-professoral academic faculty staff (2015-2017)
  • Member of the commission of the non-professoral academic faculty staff (2015-2017)
  • Representative of the non-professoral academic faculty staff in the Faculty of Biology, Chemistry, and Geosciences (2015-2017)
  • Student exchange/mobility coordinator, e.g., Erasmus mobility of students, Human Geography study programmes in collaboration with the Head of Department

University of Technology and Mining Freiberg, Germany (2003-2006):

  • Student exchange/mobility coordinator for the double-degree programmes in business administration with the University of Economics Poznan (Poland) and the University of Trento (Italy) in collaboration with the Head of Department

Tidligere forskningsstillinger/Recent academic positions held

Please refer to my CV for a complete list of positions held.

Tags: Regional entrepreneurship, Small business management, Small business economics, Business networks, Marketing Management, Regional economic development


  • Leick, Birgit (2019). Steering through tough times? Insights into strategic change processes of small firms in the context of demographic challenges. International Journal of Globalisation and Small Business.  ISSN 1479-3059.  10(2), s 163- 186 . doi: 10.1504/IJGSB.2019.097931 Show summary
  • Mayer, Heike & Leick, Birgit (2019). Entrepreneurship and ageing: Exploring an economic geography perspective, In Mikaela Backman; Charlie Karlsson & Orsa Kekezi (ed.),  Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship and Aging.  Edward Elgar Publishing.  ISBN 978 1 78811 620 6.  3.
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2018). Brokerage and governance for business networks: a metasynthesis-based discussion. Journal of Management and Governance.  ISSN 1385-3457.  22(4), s 773- 804 . doi: 10.1007/s10997-018-9403-2 Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2018). Institutional entrepreneurship: a different perspective on political entrepreneurs?, In Charlie Karlsson; Charlotte Silander & Daniel Silander (ed.),  Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting Growth and Welfare in Times of Crisis.  Edward Elgar Publishing.  ISBN 9781788112758.  Chapter 3.  s 42 - 55
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2018). Local cases of institutional entrepreneurship: change agents in regions facing demographic change, In Charlie Karlsson; Charlotte Silander & Daniel Silander (ed.),  Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting Growth and Welfare in Times of Crisis.  Edward Elgar Publishing.  ISBN 9781788112758.  Chapter 12.  s 254 - 269
  • Leick, Birgit & Lang, Thilo (2018). Re-thinking non-core regions: planning strategies and practices beyond growth. European Planning Studies.  ISSN 0965-4313.  26(2), s 213- 228 . doi: 10.1080/09654313.2017.1363398 Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit (2017). Institutional entrepreneurs and small firms: How firm practices are being shaped in the context of demographic transformations.. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship.  ISSN 0827-6331.  29(1), s 1- 24 . doi: 10.1080/08276331.2016.1248055
  • Leick, Birgit & Glorius, Birgit (2017). Editorial on the special issue "Theorising and narrating the geographies of demographic change". Comparative population studies.  ISSN 1869-8980.  41(3-4), s 207- 224 . doi: 10.12765/CPoS-2017-05en Full text in Research Archive.
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2017). Brokerage-based value creation: The case of a Danish offshore business network. The IMP Journal.  ISSN 2059-1403.  11(3), s 353- 375 . doi: /10.1108/IMP-02-2016-0004 Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit; Matuschewski, Anke & Demuth, Marcel (2017). Growth-based Theories for Declining Regions? A Note on Conceptualisations of Demographic Change for Regional Economic Development. Comparative population studies.  ISSN 1869-8980.  41(3-4), s 225- 254 . doi: 10.12765/CPoS-2017-04en Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit (2013). Balancing firm and network-based resources to gain competitive advantage: A case study of an artisanal musical instruments cluster in Germany.. Socio-Economic Studies.  ISSN 0935-9915.  24(2), s 77- 95 . doi: 10.1688/1861-9908_mrev_2013_02_Leick
  • Leick, Birgit (2012). Business networks in the cross-border regions of the enlarged EU: what do we know in the post-enlargement era?. Journal of Borderlands Studies.  ISSN 0886-5655.  27(3), s 299- 314 . doi: 10.1080/08865655.2012.750952
  • Leick, Birgit & Matuschewski, Anke (2012). Wirtschaftsentwicklung in demographischen Schrumpfungsregionen – Unternehmerische Herausforderungen und Strategien am Beispiel von Oberfranken. Raumforschung und Raumordnung.  ISSN 1869-4179.  70(6), s 515- 530 . doi: 10.1007/s13147-012-0200-0 Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit (2011). Barriers to co-operation and competitive advantage: Cross-border business networks of Saxon and Northern Bohemian firms.. JEEMS. Journal of East European Management Studies.  ISSN 0949-6181.  16(2), s 162- 184 . doi: 10.2307/23281854.
  • Leick, Birgit (2010). Cluster initiatives in cross-border regions: a way for traditional musical instruments manufacturers from East Germany and the Czech Republic to survive in a globalised world?. GeoScape.  ISSN 1802-1115.  5(2), s 218- 224
  • Leick, Birgit (2010). Gaining competitive advantage through business collaboration within border regions. GeoScape.  ISSN 1802-1115.  5(1), s 97- 105
  • Leick, Birgit (2010). What determines the co-operative potential for firms in Western and CEE border regions? A micro-level analysis of the Saxon-Czech border area.. Economic and Business Review.  ISSN 1580-0466.  12(2), s 109- 128

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  • Leick, Birgit (2019). Institutional entrepreneurs – Wer sind diese Agenten des Wandels in ländlich-peripheren Räumen?.
  • Leick, Birgit; Lessmann, Grit; Stroehl, Alexander & Pargent, Tim (2019). How to conceptualize a local trust business in a globalized, digitized world? A study on regional banks and the SME-regional bank relationship.
  • Dyhr Ulrich, Anna Marie; Gretzinger, Susanne; Hollensen, Svend & Leick, Birgit (2018). Entry of Emerging Markets: Conceptualization of an International Business Incubator.
  • Dyhr Ulrich, Anna Marie; Gretzinger, Susanne; Hollensen, Svend & Leick, Birgit (2018). Getting Embedded in Industry Networks Abroad: The Case of LINAK A/S.
  • Leick, Birgit (2018). Demographic change: Firms, institutions, and the regional economy. Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit (2018). Kooperation im Kontext der Regionalentwicklung: Sind Unternehmenskooperationen und -netzwerke (k)ein Thema (mehr) für die Wirtschaftsgeographie? (Academic Presentation for the final evaluation of the results in the post-doctoral dissertation). Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit (2018). Network brokers in the periphery: A case study on business networking and knowledge sharing in rural-peripheral regions.
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2018). Netzwerk-Broker als interdisziplinäres Forschungsthema: Einblicke in die qualitative Metasynthese zur Aggregation und Reflektion empirischer Studien, I: Jeannine Wintzer (red.),  Sozialraum erforschen: Qualitative Methoden in der Geographie.  Springer Nature.  ISBN 978-3-662-56276-5.  Chapter 21.  s 331 - 350
  • Leick, Birgit; Gretzinger, Susanne & Instrup, Mads Bruun (2018). Network brokers in the periphery: A study on business networking and knowledge sharing in rural-peripheral regions.
  • Vinogradov, Evgueni; Kivedal, Bjørnar Karlsen & Leick, Birgit (2018). Modelling development of online peer-to-peer accommodation services: an agent-based approach.
  • Gretzinger, Susanne & Leick, Birgit (2017). Managing co-operative business networks for service co-creation in rural Denmark: A case from the renewable energy sector.
  • Leick, Birgit (2017). Fachgebiet Wirtschaftsgeographie, Stichwörter von A-Z, I: Gabriele Broll (red.),  Diercke Wörterbuch Geographie.  Westermann.  ISBN 9783141008401.  Stichwörter von A-Z.
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2017). Bridge-builders in the periphery? The concepts of institutional entrepreneurship and network brokers and their role for innovation-based business networking.
  • Matuschewski, Anke; Demuth, Marcel & Leick, Birgit (2016). Growth-paradigms and the vicious circle of economic-demographic decline: a view from an East German region. Regions.  ISSN 1367-3882.  302(1), s 8- 11
  • Leick, Birgit (2015). Franchising, In Frederick Wherry & Juliet Schor (ed.),  The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society.  Sage Publications.  ISBN 9781452226439.  Chapter "Franchising".  s 730 - 735
  • Leick, Birgit (2015). Outsourcing, In Frederick Wherry & Juliet Schor (ed.),  The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society.  Sage Publications.  ISBN 9781452226439.  Chapter "Outsourcing".  s 1227 - 1230
  • Leick, Birgit (2015). State-Owned Enterprises, In Frederick Wherry & Juliet Schor (ed.),  The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society.  Sage Publications.  ISBN 9781452226439.  Chapter "State-Owned Enterprises".  s 1519 - 1522
  • Leick, Birgit & Stroehl, Alexander (2013). Demographischer Wandel im ländlichen Raum: Anpassungsdruck und Anpassungsstrategien regional orientierter Unternehmen. Europa Regional.  ISSN 0943-7142.  19(1), s 41- 55 Show summary

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Published June 12, 2018 4:30 PM - Last modified Oct. 10, 2019 9:45 PM