Birgit Leick

Faculty of Business, Languages and Social Sciences
Norwegian version of this page Position
Associate Professor
Study place
Office nr.

Office: Room A3-051, Halden-Remmen (3rd floor)

Academic interests

I am a business economist and economic geographer and work on several topics at the interface between business economics and economic geography. My current research interest focuses on the two following themes:

  • Inter-firm business networks and clusters (SME networks, business networks in peripheral regions, brokers in business networks, cross-border business networks)
  • Regional entrepreneurship (institutional entrepreneurship in non-core regions, rural entrepreneurship in creative industries)

Previously, I have been working on demographic challenges, adaptive firm strategies and institutions in the regional economy. Moreover, I have been involved in research addressing regional economic development in non-core regions (e.g., rural-peripheral regions).

In a nutshell, my overarching research interests is to explore the inter-relationship of enterprise development/entrepreneurship and the regional economy from various perspectives. My work is therefore cross-disciplinary, to a large extent.

More information:

Personal webpage

Google Scholar profile

Researchgate profile

Cristin profile

Research group Business Development and Governance

Academic CV (25 June 2019)


Courses taught

In the Department of Business Administration and Economics, I am teaching the following courses in the Bachelor Programme in Business Administration:

  • International Marketing (since Autumn 2017)
  • Bachelor Thesis Seminar (Spring 2017)
  • Bedriftsøkonomisk Analyse - Gjesteforleser (Autumn 2017)
  • Foretaksstrategi og innovasjon (scheduled for Autumn 2020)
  • Entrepreneurship in Global Perspective (scheduled for Autumn 2020)

Please see my CV for a complete course list I have been teaching (2003 til present).
I have been lecturing in business administration, industrial engineering, human geography and regional planning study programmes at undergraduate (bachelor) and graduate (master and diploma) level. I am supervising bachelor, master and Ph.D. theses.


Since April 2017, I am associate professor for business economics at Østfold University College, Faculty of Business, Languages, and Social Sciences. Between 2009 and 2017, I worked as senior lecturer (2009-2012) and assistant professor (2013-2017) in economic geography in the Department of Economic Geography, University of Bayreuth in Germany. I am also a research fellow of the Centre for Regional Economic Development, University of Bern (Switzerland) since 2016.

I hold a higher doctorate in economic geography (habilitation thesis in economics/economic geography, facultas docendi, awarded 2018) from the University of Bayreuth (Germany) as well as a Ph.D. in business economics (doctor rerum politicarum, 2006) and Master of Business Administration from the University of Technology and Mining in Freiberg (Germany). 

Prior to my academic career, I was a publishing editor with Springer Business+Science Media in Heidelberg, Germany (2007-2009,) and I have also worked in the credit department of ABN Amro Bank, Frankfurt am Main (1999).


Academic service and administrative experience at universities, faculties and departments:

Østfold University College, Norway (2017-present):

  • Research group leader “Business Development and Governance”
  • Member of the FoU Utvalg/Research Development Steering Committee, Faculty of Business, Languages, and Social Sciences
  • Programme coordinator Bachelor in Business Administration including the English specialisation “International Business”
  • Member of the LUKU Teaching Development/Teaching Quality Committee, Faculty of Business, Languages, and Social Sciences
  • Member of evaluation committees for professoral positions (markedsføring and bedriftsøkonomi in 2019)
  • Student exchange/mobility representative for study programmes in business administration, e.g., Erasmus+ mobility of students
  • Co-supervisor for marketing/business administration at University of South-Eastern Norway, Department of Business and IT

University of Bayreuth, Germany (2009-2017):

  • Member of the University Council, representative of the non-professoral academic faculty staff (2015-2017)
  • Member of the commission of the non-professoral academic faculty staff (2015-2017)
  • Representative of the non-professoral academic faculty staff in the Faculty of Biology, Chemistry, and Geosciences (2015-2017)
  • Student exchange/mobility coordinator, e.g., Erasmus mobility of students, Human Geography study programmes in collaboration with the Head of Department

University of Technology and Mining Freiberg, Germany (2003-2006):

  • Student exchange/mobility coordinator for the double-degree programmes in business administration with the University of Economics Poznan (Poland) and the University of Trento (Italy) in collaboration with the Head of Department

Recent academic positions held

Please refer to my CV for a complete list of positions held.

Tags: Regional entrepreneurship, Small business management, Small business economics, Business networks, Marketing Management, Regional economic development


  • Leick, Birgit (2019). Steering through tough times? Insights into strategic change processes of small firms in the context of demographic challenges. International Journal of Globalisation and Small Business.  ISSN 1479-3067.  10(2), s 163- 186 . doi: 10.1504/IJGSB.2019.097931 Show summary
  • Mayer, Heike & Leick, Birgit (2019). Entrepreneurship and ageing: Exploring an economic geography perspective, In Mikaela Backman; Charlie Karlsson & Orsa Kekezi (ed.),  Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship and Aging.  Edward Elgar Publishing.  ISBN 978 1 78811 620 6.  3.
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2018). Brokerage and governance for business networks: a metasynthesis-based discussion. Journal of Management and Governance.  ISSN 1385-3457.  22(4), s 773- 804 . doi: 10.1007/s10997-018-9403-2 Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2018). Institutional entrepreneurship: a different perspective on political entrepreneurs?, In Charlie Karlsson; Charlotte Silander & Daniel Silander (ed.),  Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting Growth and Welfare in Times of Crisis.  Edward Elgar Publishing.  ISBN 9781788112758.  Chapter 3.  s 42 - 55
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2018). Local cases of institutional entrepreneurship: change agents in regions facing demographic change, In Charlie Karlsson; Charlotte Silander & Daniel Silander (ed.),  Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting Growth and Welfare in Times of Crisis.  Edward Elgar Publishing.  ISBN 9781788112758.  Chapter 12.  s 254 - 269
  • Leick, Birgit & Lang, Thilo (2018). Re-thinking non-core regions: planning strategies and practices beyond growth. European Planning Studies.  ISSN 0965-4313.  26(2), s 213- 228 . doi: 10.1080/09654313.2017.1363398 Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit (2017). Institutional entrepreneurs and small firms: How firm practices are being shaped in the context of demographic transformations.. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship.  ISSN 0827-6331.  29(1), s 1- 24 . doi: 10.1080/08276331.2016.1248055
  • Leick, Birgit & Glorius, Birgit (2017). Editorial on the special issue "Theorising and narrating the geographies of demographic change". Comparative population studies.  ISSN 1869-8980.  41(3-4), s 207- 224 . doi: 10.12765/CPoS-2017-05en Full text in Research Archive.
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2017). Brokerage-based value creation: The case of a Danish offshore business network. The IMP Journal.  ISSN 0809-7259.  11(3), s 353- 375 . doi: /10.1108/IMP-02-2016-0004 Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit; Matuschewski, Anke & Demuth, Marcel (2017). Growth-based Theories for Declining Regions? A Note on Conceptualisations of Demographic Change for Regional Economic Development. Comparative population studies.  ISSN 1869-8980.  41(3-4), s 225- 254 . doi: 10.12765/CPoS-2017-04en Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit (2013). Balancing firm and network-based resources to gain competitive advantage: A case study of an artisanal musical instruments cluster in Germany.. Management Revue.  ISSN 0935-9915.  24(2), s 77- 95 . doi: 10.1688/1861-9908_mrev_2013_02_Leick
  • Leick, Birgit (2012). Business networks in the cross-border regions of the enlarged EU: what do we know in the post-enlargement era?. Journal of Borderlands Studies.  ISSN 0886-5655.  27(3), s 299- 314 . doi: 10.1080/08865655.2012.750952
  • Leick, Birgit & Matuschewski, Anke (2012). Wirtschaftsentwicklung in demographischen Schrumpfungsregionen – Unternehmerische Herausforderungen und Strategien am Beispiel von Oberfranken. Raumforschung und Raumordnung.  ISSN 1869-4179.  70(6), s 515- 530 . doi: 10.1007/s13147-012-0200-0 Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit (2011). Barriers to co-operation and competitive advantage: Cross-border business networks of Saxon and Northern Bohemian firms.. Journal for East European Management Studies.  ISSN 0949-6181.  16(2), s 162- 184 . doi: 10.2307/23281854.
  • Leick, Birgit (2010). Cluster initiatives in cross-border regions: a way for traditional musical instruments manufacturers from East Germany and the Czech Republic to survive in a globalised world?. GeoScape.  ISSN 1802-1115.  5(2), s 218- 224
  • Leick, Birgit (2010). Gaining competitive advantage through business collaboration within border regions. GeoScape.  ISSN 1802-1115.  5(1), s 97- 105
  • Leick, Birgit (2010). What determines the co-operative potential for firms in Western and CEE border regions? A micro-level analysis of the Saxon-Czech border area.. Economic and Business Review.  ISSN 2335-4216.  12(2), s 109- 128

View all works in Cristin

  • Leick, Birgit (2019). Institutional entrepreneurs – Wer sind diese Agenten des Wandels in ländlich-peripheren Räumen?.
  • Dyhr Ulrich, Anna Marie; Gretzinger, Susanne; Hollensen, Svend & Leick, Birgit (2018). Entry of Emerging Markets: Conceptualization of an International Business Incubator.
  • Dyhr Ulrich, Anna Marie; Gretzinger, Susanne; Hollensen, Svend & Leick, Birgit (2018). Getting Embedded in Industry Networks Abroad: The Case of LINAK A/S.
  • Leick, Birgit (2018). Demographic change: Firms, institutions, and the regional economy. Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit (2018). Kooperation im Kontext der Regionalentwicklung: Sind Unternehmenskooperationen und -netzwerke (k)ein Thema (mehr) für die Wirtschaftsgeographie? (Academic Presentation for the final evaluation of the results in the post-doctoral dissertation). Show summary
  • Leick, Birgit (2018). Network brokers in the periphery: A case study on business networking and knowledge sharing in rural-peripheral regions.
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2018). Netzwerk-Broker als interdisziplinäres Forschungsthema: Einblicke in die qualitative Metasynthese zur Aggregation und Reflektion empirischer Studien, I: Jeannine Wintzer (red.),  Sozialraum erforschen: Qualitative Methoden in der Geographie.  Springer Nature.  ISBN 978-3-662-56276-5.  Chapter 21.  s 331 - 350
  • Leick, Birgit; Gretzinger, Susanne & Instrup, Mads Bruun (2018). Network brokers in the periphery: A study on business networking and knowledge sharing in rural-peripheral regions.
  • Vinogradov, Evgueni; Kivedal, Bjørnar Karlsen & Leick, Birgit (2018). Modelling development of online peer-to-peer accommodation services: an agent-based approach.
  • Gretzinger, Susanne & Leick, Birgit (2017). Managing co-operative business networks for service co-creation in rural Denmark: A case from the renewable energy sector.
  • Leick, Birgit (2017). Fachgebiet Wirtschaftsgeographie, Stichwörter von A-Z, I: Gabriele Broll (red.),  Diercke Wörterbuch Geographie.  Westermann.  ISBN 9783141008401.  Stichwörter von A-Z.
  • Leick, Birgit & Gretzinger, Susanne (2017). Bridge-builders in the periphery? The concepts of institutional entrepreneurship and network brokers and their role for innovation-based business networking.
  • Matuschewski, Anke; Demuth, Marcel & Leick, Birgit (2016). Growth-paradigms and the vicious circle of economic-demographic decline: a view from an East German region. Regions.  ISSN 1367-3882.  302(1), s 8- 11
  • Leick, Birgit (2015). Franchising, In Frederick Wherry & Juliet Schor (ed.),  The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society.  Sage Publications.  ISBN 9781452226439.  Chapter "Franchising".  s 730 - 735
  • Leick, Birgit (2015). Outsourcing, In Frederick Wherry & Juliet Schor (ed.),  The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society.  Sage Publications.  ISBN 9781452226439.  Chapter "Outsourcing".  s 1227 - 1230
  • Leick, Birgit (2015). State-Owned Enterprises, In Frederick Wherry & Juliet Schor (ed.),  The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society.  Sage Publications.  ISBN 9781452226439.  Chapter "State-Owned Enterprises".  s 1519 - 1522
  • Leick, Birgit & Stroehl, Alexander (2013). Demographischer Wandel im ländlichen Raum: Anpassungsdruck und Anpassungsstrategien regional orientierter Unternehmen. Europa Regional.  ISSN 0943-7142.  19(1), s 41- 55 Show summary

View all works in Cristin

Published June 12, 2018 4:30 PM - Last modified June 26, 2019 11:13 PM